The contribution of Portuguese female architects to the development of the architectural practice, research and teaching is far from being identified. The main questions are: who?, when?, and how? did women architects contribute to our general Portuguese architectural history, although in an almost silent way. The time period starts in 1942, when the first female architect, Maria José Estanco, graduates in Portugal, and it ends in 1986, a crucial year in Portuguese history. On the one hand, the country became a European Economic Community (EEC) member. On the other hand, it represents the spread and massification of architecture schools. Between these chronological boundaries, major events of the Portuguese modern architecture history happened: the 1948’s Congress, the SAAL process, among others. The archiving work and oral collection of testimonies allow the understanding of Portuguese female architects’ roles in this time period.